Chicago Network for Justice and Peace (Red de Chicago para Justicia y Paz) auspicia los siguientes libros:
An Appreciation of, “Towards Nuclear Zero,” by Dan Ursini
A nuclear holocaust is unimaginable to most people; total nuclear disarmament, all the way down to zero, is inconceivable to just about as many. It takes conviction, expertise and vision to discuss possibilities allowing that to happen; and those are among the qualities that make the book, “Towards Nuclear Zero,” by David Cortright and Raimo Vayrynen so valuable. Co-published by Routledge and by the Institute for Strategic Studies, it conveys a deeply informed perspective about the current disarmament picture and its surprisingly hopeful prospects.
That the term, “surprisingly hopeful,” may not ring true reflects a dissonance between the dynamism of the disarmament culture and the fixed state of the conventional wisdom about it. According to Cortright’s book, there is much energy and commitment and even good will in nuclear disarmament. This is news, in the truest sense, partly because disarmament is often treated as a middle-distance issue. The media may not have consigned it to Siberia, but Iceland certainly fits. An unfortunate result is that this book, written by an insider, will find its primary audience among other insiders –along, perhaps, with those willing take the leap toward real discovery.
For those who do, the rewards are considerable. Cortright writes with terrific intellectual energy and focus. He moves from topic to topic with the grace and ease of someone who has absorbed them thoroughly; and he offers deep analysis, identifying underlying causes and fundamental issues. The gravity of the world’s crises is as strong as ever; but the ability of the media to report them has slipped far from the techtonic plates. Writer’s like Cortright are more valuable than ever in getting the word out.
The book’s basic argument is that there is a confluence of circumstances in the world today that is pushing disarmament forward. They include the emerging multipolarity in world affairs; shifting power relationships; and the spread of nuclear weapons. Beyond that, there is “the deadly nexus of proliferation and terrorism,” and the resulting anxiety throughout the human community This is in deep contrast to the Cold War era, a grim two-hander between the United States and Russia, in a game of Mutually Assured Destruction. Though this is a book that hardly dotes on personalities, it finds a couple heroes in Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev, who found an unlikely common cause in their commitment to nuclear disarmament. These two gambling old-timers did their best. If they fell short of total disarmament, they radically reduced its threat, accelerating the breakup of the Soviet Union.
Back in the Cold War, people often objected to the black/white bipolarities of the conflict. Now people complain of the many shades of grey making them nervous. Nations like India, Iran, Israel, North Korea and Pakistan have emerged on the nuclear scene, each with their own agenda. They are discussed in a fascinating chapter on regional challenges. Cortright excels at providing a clear identity to the nuclear ambitions of each nation and to the political/cultural context behind those aspirations. This is especially true about Iran which, as the author points out, has undergone a lengthy and stressful tenure contending with the perplexities and threats posed by the United States and by Israel. Indeed, this book offers the mirthless consolation that every nation pursuing nuclear ambitions has had to fight an uphill battle.
For a host of reasons, the chapter entitled, “Why States Give Up the Bomb,” refreshes the spirit with its insights about the nations of the world which have put nuclear weapons aside. Over a dozen of them have done so at this point. Though the reasons vary, first and foremost is the perception that nuclear weapons are not essential to security. Cortright’s powers of explanation are especially impressive in, “Building Cooperation for Non-proliferation and Disarmament,” in which he details the work of the International Atomic Energy Association and other regulatory agencies. Yet what I found most valuable about this book were the sections focusing directly on achieving Nuclear Zero. The solutions he discusses fascinate because they try to inject common sense into a discussion that absolutely resists common sense. At the height of the Cold War, American and Russian stockpiles of tactical nuclear weapons measured in the tens of thousands. The joint combined power of those weapons is beyond the range of the human imagination. The whole issue of nuclear power seems tease the human intellect into pushing the boundaries, introducing its own elasticized sense of reality. As Corwright points out, it is impossible to uninvent the nuclear bomb. He offers solutions which show genuine imagination. An important stop along the way is the adoption of, “virtual nuclear arsenals (VNA), the partial dismantlement of nuclear weapons through the removal of warheads from launch vehicles….The components of strategic arsenals would remain—missiles, guidance sets, fissile material, warheads—which could be reassembled within a designated time.” The book defines Nuclear Zero as a “weaponless deterrence in which the knowledge of how to make the bomb rather than the bomb itself becomes the basis of security.” There is an audacious simplicity here which is a powerful stimulant to serious thought and discussion. Cortright details a gradual continuum of disarmament, entailing many years, by which a nuclear nation would reasonably approach this state. I deeply respect the vision at work here and the courage needed to express it and I recommend it to those ready to entertain these challenging ideas.
pdel Comité de escritoras del PEN Internacional, antología trilingüe (inglés, francés, español) de poesía, cuentos y ensayos de 113 escritoras de 33 países. Volumen 1 incluye a apellidos de autoras de A-M; Volumen 2 incluye a apellidos de N-Z. Teclee Nuestra voz en el campo de búsqueda en el sitio web de spdbooks.
traducción al inglés de la novela atrevida testimonial de la escritora mexicana Martha Cerda Y apenas era miércoles, sobre la fuga de gas en el sistema de alcantarillas de Guadalajara en 1992, ficción que emplea reportes locales de radio, televisión y periódicos, y los nombres reales de personajes públicos, además de personajes imaginarios que representan los diferentes sectores de la sociedad estratificada de Gudalajara. Teclee Cerda, Martha en el campo de búsqueda en el sitio web de spdbooks.
dos volúmenes de artículos periodísticos y otros textos breves de Lucina Kathmann, Vicepresidenta Internacional del PEN Internacional, antigua Presidenta del Comité de escritoras del PEN, sobre la lucha de las escritoras en todas partes, con muchas citas de obras de escritoras de todos los continentes, algunas traducidas aquí por primera vez. Publicados en versión bilingüe, español/inglés. Teclee Kathmann, Lucina en el campo de búsqueda en el sitio web de spdbooks.
traducciones al inglés de ponencias sobre la Censura y la autocensura, presentadas por escritoras en conferencias del PEN Internacional en Guadalajara. Teclee Conditional Liberty en el campo de búsqueda en el sition web de spdbooks. (Para la versión en español, contactar a email@example.com.)
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